When is Ramadan? Everything You Need to Know

Ramadan is one of the most important and widely observed religious events in the Islamic calendar. This month-long period of fasting, prayer, and reflection holds immense spiritual significance for millions of Muslims around the world. However, the timing of Ramadan can be a source of confusion for many people, particularly those who are not familiar with the Islamic lunar calendar. In this guide, we will explore everything you need to know about when Ramadan takes place, how it is celebrated, and why it is so important to the Muslim community.

What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and is a significant time for Muslims around the world. This holy month is observed by fasting from dawn until sunset, refraining from drinking or eating anything during this period. The fast is broken at sunset with a meal called iftar.

The practice of fasting during Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, along with the declaration of faith, prayer, charity, and pilgrimage to Mecca. Fasting during Ramadan is mandatory for all adult Muslims, except for those who are pregnant, ill, traveling, or menstruating.

Ramadan is not just about abstaining from food and drink; it’s also a time for spiritual reflection and self-improvement. Muslims are encouraged to increase their acts of worship, including reciting the Quran and performing additional prayers known as Taraweeh. It’s also a time for increased charitable giving and community service.

During Ramadan, Muslims wake up early before dawn to have a pre-fasting meal called suhoor. Then, they break their fast at sunset with iftar, which can include a variety of traditional dishes like dates, samosas, and biryani.

Overall, Ramadan is a time for Muslims to strengthen their connection with Allah and practice self-discipline, empathy, and gratitude. It’s a time for families and communities to come together and celebrate the blessings of life.

When does Ramadan start and end?

Determining the start of Ramadan

Determining the start of Ramadan is crucial for Muslims worldwide, as it marks the beginning of the holy month of fasting. The Islamic calendar follows a lunar cycle, and the start date of Ramadan varies each year. Here are some ways to determine when Ramadan will begin:

  • Hilal Sighting: According to Islamic tradition, the sighting of the new crescent moon (Hilal) signals the start of a new month. Therefore, many Muslim countries rely on local sightings of the Hilal to determine the start of Ramadan. This method is highly dependent on clear skies and favorable weather conditions. In addition, different regions may have varying criteria for recognizing the Hilal.

  • Saudi Arabia: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a significant influence in determining the start of Ramadan globally. The Saudi government’s Umm al-Qura calendar is widely followed by Muslim countries all over the world. The calendar is based on astronomical calculations and takes into account the movement of the moon.

  • Crescent Watch: Crescent Watch is an international initiative that aims to standardize the Hilal sighting process. The project involves trained observers stationed in different parts of the world who report their sightings to a central team. The data collected is then used to determine the start of Ramadan and other Islamic months.

  • Global Moon Sighting: Some Muslim scholars advocate for a global moon sighting approach to determine the start of Ramadan. This method involves considering sightings from different parts of the world and using them to calculate the most probable date for the start of Ramadan. However, this approach is not yet widely adopted.

In conclusion, there are various methods for determining the start of Ramadan, each with its advantages and disadvantages. Regardless of the method used, the start of Ramadan marks a time of spiritual reflection, communal solidarity, and increased acts of charity among Muslims worldwide.

Eid al-Fitr: End of Ramadan

Eid al-Fitr: End of Ramadan

The month-long observance of Ramadan culminates in a joyous celebration known as Eid al-Fitr. This holiday marks the end of the month of fasting and is celebrated on the first day of Shawwal, the tenth month of the Islamic calendar.

Eid Prayer

Muslims begin their day with special prayers, known as the Eid prayer. These prayers are typically held in large gathering places, such as mosques or open fields, and are attended by entire families, dressed in their best clothes.


One of the key aspects of Eid al-Fitr is giving to those in need. It is a time for Muslims to share their blessings with others through acts of charity. Many Muslims choose to donate food, clothing, or money to the less fortunate, ensuring that everyone can celebrate the holiday with joy and happiness.


After the morning prayers, families return home to feast on delicious foods. Traditional dishes, such as biryani, kebabs, and halwa, are often prepared for the occasion. The feasting continues throughout the day, as friends and family come together to enjoy each other’s company and celebrate the end of Ramadan.

In conclusion, Eid al-Fitr is a time of great joy and celebration for Muslims around the world. It is a time for prayer, charity, and feasting, as well as a time to reflect on the lessons learned during the month of Ramadan.

How is Ramadan observed?

During Ramadan, Muslims all over the world observe the holy month by fasting from sunrise to sunset. But, what exactly happens during the day and night? In this section, we’ll dive deeper into how Ramadan is observed, including Suhoor, Iftar, Taraweeh, and Quran.

Suhoor: A pre-dawn meal that Muslims eat before starting their fast. It’s essential to have a hearty and healthy meal during Suhoor as it provides energy throughout the day. It’s recommended to have wholesome food, such as whole-grain bread, eggs, fruits, and vegetables, to keep hunger pangs at bay.

Iftar: The evening meal that breaks the fast after sunset prayer. It’s a time for family and friends to come together and share meals. Many mosques and community centers offer free Iftar meals to those in need. Dates and water are traditionally the first things Muslims consume to break their fast, followed by a variety of foods, including soups, salads, and main dishes.

Taraweeh: Special nightly prayers performed during Ramadan after Isha prayer. These prayers recite the entire Quran over the course of the month. Many Muslims attend Taraweeh prayers in nearby mosques or watch them online from home due to current global situations.

Quran: Muslims read and reflect on the Quran during Ramadan. This spiritual practice is known as “Taraweeh” and helps Muslims connect with the teachings of Islam. Some Muslims also try to complete reading the entire Quran at least once during Ramadan.

In conclusion, observing Ramadan is not just about fasting but also includes spiritual practices and coming together as a community. By engaging in Suhoor, Iftar, Taraweeh, and Quran reading, Muslims can strengthen their faith, self-discipline, and empathy towards others.

Why is Ramadan important?

Ramadan is an important month in the Islamic calendar, and its significance extends far beyond the act of fasting. It is a time for spiritual growth, community, empathy, and self-discipline. In this section, we will explore why Ramadan is so important to Muslims around the world.

Spiritual Growth

Ramadan provides an opportunity for Muslims to focus on their spirituality. By abstaining from food and drink during the day, Muslims are able to direct their attention towards prayer, reflection, and acts of charity. This heightened awareness of the divine helps to foster a deeper connection with God and increase one’s faith.


Ramadan is not just an individual experience; it is also a communal one. Muslims are encouraged to break their fast together at sunset, which fosters a sense of togetherness and strengthens bonds within the community. Mosques often hold special Taraweeh prayers in the evening, which bring people together to worship and share in the blessings of the holy month.


Fasting during Ramadan helps to cultivate empathy for those who are less fortunate. By going without food and drink for 30 days, Muslims gain a greater appreciation for the daily struggles faced by those who go hungry every day. This empathy is then translated into action through acts of charity and giving during the month of Ramadan.


Self-discipline is a key aspect of Ramadan. By practicing restraint and resisting temptation, Muslims learn to exercise greater control over their thoughts and actions. This translates into improved decision-making skills, better time management, and increased productivity. The discipline learned during Ramadan can be applied to all aspects of life, leading to personal growth and development.

In conclusion, Ramadan is a deeply meaningful month for Muslims all over the world. Through fasting, prayer, and acts of charity, Muslims are able to grow spiritually, strengthen their communities, cultivate empathy, and develop self-discipline. These are just some of the reasons why Ramadan is such an important part of the Islamic faith.


Ramadan is an important time for Muslims all around the world. It serves as a reminder to connect with our spirituality and strengthen our relationship with God. Through fasting, we are able to practice self-discipline and empathy towards those less fortunate than us. But Ramadan is not just about abstaining from food and drink during the day; it is also a time for community, charity, and good deeds.

In Islam, there is no greater act of worship than the act of fasting during Ramadan. By voluntarily giving up our basic needs, we are reminded of the blessings that we often take for granted and are encouraged to be more grateful for what we have. And while the physical benefits of fasting may be debated, the spiritual benefits are undeniable. Fasting allows us to purify both our body and soul, leading to a sense of renewal and rejuvenation.

Furthermore, Ramadan encourages a sense of community among Muslims. The ritual of breaking fast together at sunset, or iftar, is a special time to gather with friends and family. Sharing meals and exchanging stories deepens our bonds with each other and strengthens our faith. Ramadan is also a time for increased charity and good deeds. Muslims are encouraged to give generously to those in need, whether it be through donations or volunteering their time.

In conclusion, Ramadan is a time for reflection, connection, and growth. It serves as a reminder of the importance of spirituality and community in our lives. Fasting during Ramadan is a powerful act of worship that not only benefits us individually but also has a positive impact on our communities. Through acts of charity, self-discipline, and empathy, we can strive to be better people and contribute to a better world.
Ramadan is an important month in the Islamic calendar, and it is celebrated by Muslims all around the world. During this holy month, Muslims fast from dawn till dusk, engage in prayer and spiritual reflection, and participate in acts of charity and kindness towards others. The start of Ramadan varies each year, as it is determined by the sighting of the new moon on the Islamic lunar calendar.

As we have seen in this comprehensive guide, the observance of Ramadan involves a range of practices and traditions that carry deep spiritual significance for those who practice Islam. The month of Ramadan provides an opportunity for self-reflection, growth, and community building, and serves as a reminder of the importance of empathy, compassion, and self-discipline in our daily lives.

Whether you are a Muslim observing Ramadan or someone seeking to deepen your understanding of this important tradition, we hope this guide has provided valuable insights into when Ramadan takes place, why it matters, and how it is observed. Let us all strive to embody the spirit of Ramadan beyond the month itself and work towards building a world of greater compassion, generosity, and unity.

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